Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand.
Albert Einstein

The most important human endeavor is the striving for morality in our actions. Our inner balance and even our very existence depend on it. Only morality in our actions can give beauty and dignity to life.
Charles Dickens

The chief foundations of all states... are good laws and good arms. And as there cannot be good laws where there are not good arms... where there are good arms there must be good laws...
Niccolo Machiavelli

The only true measure of success is the ratio between what we might have done and what we might have been on the one hand, and the thing we have made and the things we have made of ourselves on the other.

Life is a series of experiences, each one of which makes us bigger, even though it is hard to realize this. For the world was built to develop character, and we must learn that the setbacks and grieves which we endure help us in our marching onward.
Henry Ford

If a man’s house is full of medicine bottles, we infer the man is an invalid. But if his house is full of books, we conclude he is intelligent.
- Vinoba Bhave

Happiness in this world, when it comes, comes incidentally. Make it the object of pursuit, and it leads us a wild-goose chase, and is never attained. Follow some other object, and very possibly we may find that we have caught happiness without dreaming of it.
Nathaniel Hawthorne

Because of lack of moral principle, human life becomes worthless. Moral principle, truthfulness, is a key factor. If we lose that, then there is no future.
- Dalai Lama

If we are to achieve a richer culture, rich in contrasting values, we must recognize the whole gamut of human potentialities, and so weave a less arbitrary social fabric, one in which each diverse human gift will find a fitting place.
Margaret Mead


The Academy has published the research works of some senior academics and experts as Working Papers from time to time, through its Bi-annual publication, namely, The Grassroots Governance Journal, on various thematic themes such as good governance, panchayati raj, rural development, women empowerment, capacity building, skill development, micro-planning, grama sabha, service delivery, decentralisation, people’s participation, youth development, parliamentary democracy, local finances, grassroots leadership, social justice, right to information and exclusion and inclusion for immense benefit of the elected representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions, Self-Help Group Members and policy makers.

The following is the list of some selected Working Papers, published by the Academy since its inception:

  1. Institutionalisation of Grassroots Governance in India (AGRASRI Working Paper No.1, March, 2003).
    Subhash C. Kashyap
  2. Role of Caste Groups in New Panchayati Raj System: A Case Analysis of Tamil Nadu (AGRASRI Working Paper No.2, April, 2003).
    G. Palanithurai
  3. The Status of PRI’s in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka: A Comparison (AGRASRI Working Paper No.3, June, 2003).
    M. Gopinath Reddy
  4. Decentralised Governance at the Grassroots Level: Experience of Panchayati Raj in Madhya Pradesh (AGRASRI Working Paper No.4, July, 2003).
    Yatindra Singh Sisodia
  5. Devolution of Powers to Panchayati Raj Institutions in India: An Overview (AGRASRI Working Paper No.5, September, 2003).
    K. Karunkar Patnaik, IAS (Retd.)
  6. Decentralised Planning in India: A Case Study in Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No.6, October, 2003)
    M. Devender Babu
  7. De-planning and Decentralised Governance: The Anachronicity of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act in the LPG Marketisation of the Indian Economy (AGRASRI Working Paper No 7, December, 2003).
    P.C. Mathur
  8. Decentralised Governance, Transparency and Accountability: Empirical Evidence from West Bengal (AGRASRI Working Paper No 8, February, 2004).
    Md. Nazrul Islam
  9. Regeneration of Rural India: An Unfinished Agenda (AGRASRI Working Paper No.9, April, 2004).
    L. C. Jain
  10. Dream of Rajiv Gandhi: Healthy Gram Swaraj for Self-reliant India (AGRASRI Working Paper No.10, May, 2004)
    Mohan Dharia
  11. Size and Area of Gram Panchayat in India (AGRASRI Working Paper No.11, August, 2004).
    S.P. Jain
  12. Participatory Planning for Decentralised Governance (AGRASRI Working Paper No.12, September, 2004).
    Rajiv Ranjan Prasad
  13. Role and Position of the Indian Prime Minister in Coalition Politics-Assessing the Functioning of the UPA Government (AGRASRI Working Paper No.13, March, 2005).
    N.S. Gehlot
  14. Changing Party System and Vitality of the Federal Structure in India (AGRASRI Working Paper No.14, April, 2005)
    Haridwar Rai • Vijay Kumar
  15. Role of Governor in Indian Federal System - New Dimensions under Article 356 (AGRASRI Working Paper No.15, May, 2005)
    R. Gangadhara Shastry
  16. Coalition Governments in India 1954: 2004 - A Way Forward for Good Governance (AGRASRI Working Paper No.16, July, 2005)
    D. Sundar Ram
  17. Representing the States at the Federal Level: Role of the Rajya Sabha (AGRASRI Working Paper No.17, August, 2005)
    Sandeep Shastri
  18. Federalism in India: Challenges Posed by Coalition Governments and Regional Parties (AGRASRI Working Paper No.18, October, 2005)
    T.H. Chowdary
  19. 73rd Constitution Amendment, State Governments and Panchayati Raj Institutions: Some Issues (AGRASRI Working Paper No.19, November, 2005)
    S.P. Jain
  20. Panchayati Raj in India: Local Governance in Action for Social Development (AGRASRI Working Paper No.20, December, 2005)
    V. Bhaskar Rao
  21. Institutional Responsiveness and Good Governance: A Case of Kerala's Grama Sabhas (AGRASRI Working Paper No.21, January, 2006)
    B. Mohanan • J. Mary John
  22. E-Governance: A Study of the Model Gram Panchayat (Bellandur) in Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No.22, March, 2006)
    B.S. Bhargava • Mangala Nayak • K. Subha
  23. Decentralisation and Rural Development in India: Empowerment, Strategies and Emerging Challenges(AGRASRI Working Paper No.23, April, 2006)
    D.Sundar Ram
  24. Empowering Panchayati Raj Institutions: A Study in Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No. 24, August, 2006)
    Abdul Aziz
  25. Decentralised Governance and Service Delivery in India: Theory and Practice (AGRASRI Working Paper No.25, September, 2006)
    Satyanarayana Sangita
  26. Political Decentalisation and Issue of Accountability: The Case of Grama Sabha in Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No.26, October, 2006)
    N. Sivanna
  27. Between Euphoria and Scepticism: Ten Years of Panchayati Raj in Kerala (AGRASRI Working Paper No.27, October, 2006)
    Moolakattu Stephen John • Jos Chathukulam
  28. Rural Development and Dynamics of Change in Democratic Governance: Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in India(AGRASRI Working Paper No.28, November, 2006)
    D.Sundar Ram
  29. Political Economy of Preparedness and Launching of NREGA in Kerala (AGRASRI Working Paper No.29, November, 2006)
    Jos Chathukulam • K. Gireesan
  30. Participatory Democracy: Role of Grama Sabhas in Decentralised Governance – An Overview of Andhra Pradesh Experience (AGRASRI Working Paper No.30, November, 2006)
    M. Gopinath Reddy • Madhusudhana Bandi
  31. Role of Dalits in Village Water Supply Committee: The Case of Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No.31, November, 2006)
  32. Panchayats and the Agricutural Future of Indian Villages Amidst Localisation and Globalisation (AGRASRI Working Paper No.32, December, 2006)
    P.C. Mathur
  33. People’s Participation in Kerala’s Grama Sabhas: Investigating the Quality(AGRASRI Working Paper No.33, February, 2007)
    B. Mohanan • J. Mary John
  34. People's Participation through Village Sanghams: A Case Study of Deccan Development Society (AGRASRI Working Paper No.34, March, 2007)
    N. Rajasekhar • G. Sudarshanam
  35. Enhancing Small Farm Productivity: A Perspective from the United Kingdom (AGRASRI Working Paper No.35, March, 2007)
    Julian Swindell
  36. Rural Development through Panchayati Raj Institutions: Strengthening a Participative Democracy in India(AGRASRI Working Paper No.36, April, 2007)
    N.S. Gehlot
  37. User Fees and Social Exclusion: Observations on the Feasibility of User-Fees in India’s Public Health Care (AGRASRI Working Paper No.37, April, 2007)
    James Warner Bjorkman
  38. Gram Panchayat Libraries in Karnataka: An Innovative Initiative (AGRASRI Working Paper No.38, May, 2007)
    B.S. Bhargava • K. Subha • D. S. Hanumanth
  39. Democratic Decentralisation and Participatory Planning in Kerala: The Locomotive of a New Development Culture (AGRASRI Working Paper No.39, June, 2007)
    B. Mohanan
  40. Total Sanitation Campaign and Nirmal Gram Puraskar: Role of Panchayats in Four Indian States (AGRASRI Working Paper No.40, July, 2007)
    K. Gireesan • Jos Chathukulam
  41. Decentralisation of Panchayati Raj Institutions and Good Governance in Andhra Pradesh: A Vision of the Future (AGRASRI Working Paper No.41, July, 2007)
    M. Gopinath Reddy
  42. Social Marketing: A Case Study of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation in Karnataka State (AGRASRI Working Paper No.42, August, 2007)
  43. Emerging Women Leadership at the Grassroots: A Micro Level Study in Andhra Pradesh (AGRASRI Working Paper No.43, November, 2007)
    Ms. K. C. Smitha
  44. Training for Panchayati Raj Functionaries through Satellite in Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No.44, January, 2008)
    B.S. Bhargava • K. Subha
  45. Gram Sabha: Conception, Perception and Practice (AGRASRI Working Paper No.45, January, 2008)
    G. Palanithurai
  46. Implementation of Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 : An Orissa Perspective (AGRASRI Working Paper No.46, February, 2008)
    K. Karunakar Patnaik, IAS (Retd.)
  47. Financial Resources of Panchayati Raj Institutions: A Study of the Gram Panchayat Experiment in West Bengal (AGRASRI Working Paper No.47, February, 2008)
    Tapan Kumar Ghosh
  48. Women in the Panchayati Raj Institutions: An Empirical Study in Kamrup District of Assam (AGRASRI Working Paper No.48, March, 2008)
    Jogendra Kumar Das
  49. Effective Implementation of Forest Rights Act-2006: Role of Grama Sabha (AGRASRI Working Paper No.49, March, 2008)
    Nupur Tiwary
  50. Mahatma Gandhi and Greenfield Industrialisation in Globalising India: Mind-Notes on the Potential for Civic Asymmetric Resistance (AGRASRI Working Paper No.50, June, 2008)
    P.C. Mathur
  51. Women Empowerment through Panchayats in India: An Empirical Analysis of Decision - Making at the Panchayat Level: A Study of Two Villages in Rajasthan(AGRASRI Working Paper No.51, November, 2008)
    O.P. Bohra • R. Rakshit
  52. Democratic Decentralisation and Delivering Good Governance in India: Expectations from the People at the Grassroots(AGRASRI Working Paper No.52, January, 2009)
    D. Sundar Ram
  53. Globalisation, Local Democracy and Inclusive Governance: Initiatives and Outcomes in India (AGRASRI Working Paper No.53, April, 2009)
    Satyanarayana Sangita • T.K. Jyothi
  54. Grassroots Governance and People’s Participation at Work after Implementation of PESA: Evidences from Tribal Regions of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat(AGRASRI Working Paper No.54, May, 2009)
    Yatindra Singh Sisodia
  55. District Planning Committees and Grassroots Level Planning: Some Issues with Reference to Karnataka State (AGRASRI Working Paper No. 55, July, 2009)
    M. Devendra Babu
  56. Panchayati Raj in Haryana: A Strategy for Effective Functioning in Delivery of Services (AGRASRI Working Paper No. 56, August, 2009)
    Rajvir S. Dhaka
  57. Participatory Institions and People’s Practices in India: An Analysis of Decentralisation Experiences in Kerala State (AGRASRI Working Paper No. 57, December, 2009)
    K. Rajesh
  58. Creating the Social Base for Self-Governance in India: Panchayati Raj Institutions and the Seva Mandir Experience in Rajasthan (AGRASRI Working Paper No. 58, January, 2010)
    Neelima Khetan
  59. Village Council: An Institution of Grassroots Level Administration in Mizoram (AGRASRI Working Paper No.59, January, 2010)
    J. Zahluna
  60. Role Performance of Grassroots Leaders: A Study of Andhra Pradesh State (AGRASRI Working Paper No.60, Februay, 2010)
    V.Suresh • B.Krishnamurthy
  61. Local Governance in Scheduled Areas: A Study of Andhra Pradesh State (AGRASRI Working Paper No.61, March, 2010)
    M. Arun Kumar
  62. Fiscal Devolution to Rural Local Bodies in Orissa: Some Perspectives (AGRASRI Working Paper No.62, April, 2010)
    K. Karunakar Patnaik, IAS (Retd.)
  63. Decentralisation, Women Empowerment and Inclusive Growth: State and Civil Society Perspective (AGRASRI Working Paper No.63, June, 2010)
    Satyanarayana Sangita
  64. Women Empowerment at the Grassroots Level Political Institutions: Evidences from Villages of Madhya Pradesh (AGRASRI Working Paper No.64, June, 2010)
    Yatindra Singh Sisodia
  65. Impact of Reservation and Participation of Women in Panchayati Raj Institutions: The Case of Dalit Women in India (AGRASRI Working Paper No.65, August, 2010)
    Nupur Tiwari
  66. Fifty Per cent Reservations for Women in Rural and Urban Local Bodies in India: A Way Forward for Inclusive Growth (AGRASRI Working Paper No.66, August, 2010)
    Mani Shankar Aiyar
  67. People Centric Paradigms at Capacity Building: The Case of Formal and Informal Functionaries under MGNREGS- A Right to Work Model for Local Self Governance in India Joseph Abraham .(AGRASRI Working Paper No.67, November, 2010).
  68. Historical Debates on Decentralisation and Democracy in India: M.K. Gandhi, M.N. Roy, J.P. Narayan and B.R. Ambedkar (AGRASRI Working Paper No.68, December, 2010)
    K. Rajesh
  69. Gram Panchayat Elections in Rajasthan: Challenges and Possibilities -An Empirical Study of Danalpur Village Panchayat Election(AGRASRI Working Paper No.69, January, 2011)
    Janak Singh Meena • Ms. Anita Rathi
  70. Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in Development: Back Bone of the Indian Democracy at the Grassroots (AGRASRI Working Paper No.70, February, 2011)
    R.P. Prabhakar
  71. Gram Sabha Institution in India: Prospects and Retrospect (AGRASRI Working Paper No.71, March, 2011)
    S.P. Jain
  72. Role of Grama Sabha in the Implementation of MGNREGS: Field Insights from Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No.72, April, 2011)
    M. Devendra Babu • D. Rajasekharan • R. Manjula
  73. The Role of Gram Sabha in Decision-making at the Grassroots: A Case of MGNREGS in Andhra Pradesh (AGRASRI Working Paper No.73, May, 2011)
    M. Gopinath Reddy • Madhusudana Bandi • Solipeta Ramachandra Reddy
  74. People’s Participation in Grassroots Governance through Gram Swaraj: Evidences from Villages of Madhya Pradesh (AGRASRI Working Paper No.74, June, 2011)
    Yatindra Singh Sisodia
  75. Gram Sabhas in India-An instrument for Human Development at the Grassroots: Action Plan for Future Vision (AGRASRI Working Paper No.75, July, 2011)
    B.P.Syam Roy, IAS (Retd.)
  76. Grama Sabhas in Scheduled V Areas: An Orissa Perspective (AGRASRI Working Paper No.76, August, 2011).K. Karunakar Patnaik, IAS (Retd.)
  77. Grama Sabha and People Centric Development: An Institutional Overview (AGRASRI Working Paper No.77, September, 2011)
    Amal Mandal
  78. The Information Deficit: Use of Media in Deliberative Democracy: The Case of Selected Grama Sabha Proceedings in West Bengal (AGRASRI Working Paper No.78, November, 2011)
    Swati Bhattacharjee and Raghabendra Chattopadhyay
  79. Reaching Education at the Grassroots Level: A Study of Nomadic and De-notified Communities in Andhra Pradesh (AGRASRI Working Paper No.79, January, 2012)
    Malli Gandhi
  80. Reproduction of Grassroots Institutions through People’s Practices: Reflections from Gram Panchayat in Kerala (AGRASRI Working Paper No.80, February, 2012)
    K. Rajesh
  81. Inclusive Governance for Inclusive Development: The History, Politics and Economics of Panchayati Raj in India (AGRASRI Working Paper No.81, April, 2012)
    Mani Shankar Aiyar
  82. Twenty Years of Panchayati Raj in India: Landmark Experiences and Experiments (AGRASRI Working Paper No.82, June, 2012)
    K. Karunakar Patnaik
  83. Twenty Years of the Constitution Mandate for Local self- governance: Strengthening Gender Responses of Panchayats in Patriarchal Rajasthan State (AGRASRI Working Paper No.83, August, 2012)
    Nishu Kaul and Manoj Rai
  84. Two Decades of the New Panchayati Raj System in Haryana: An Observation (AGRASRI Working Paper No.84, November, 2012)
    Ranbir Singh and Preet Pal Singh
  85. Designing Village Panchayats for the Empowerment of Women: Lessons from Tamil Nadu and Kerala (AGRASRI Working Paper No.85, June, 2013)
    V. Ragupathy
  86. Grama Sabha in Kerala and West Bengal: Beyond Rhetoric of Grassroots Democracy (AGRASRI Working Paper No.86, September, 2013)
    Amal Mandal
  87. Decentralisation of Powers in India: Acceleration or Deceleration (AGRASRI Working Paper No.87, September, 2013)
    G. Palanithurai
  88. Decentralised Governance and National Integration in India (AGRASRI Working Paper No.88, September, 2013)
    Satyanarayana Sangita
  89. Role of Panchyats in the Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSSs): Issues and Evidences from Namakkal District in Tamil Nadu (AGRASRI Working Paper No.89, October, 2013)
    Jos Chathukulam
  90. How did Grama Panchayats Perform in Own Revenue Mobilisation? Lessons from Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No.90, November, 2013)
    R. Manjula and D Rajasekhar
  91. Strengthening Panchayat Raj Institutions: Karnataka’s Experience (AGRASRI Working Paper No.91, December, 2013)
    M. Devendra Babu
  92. Federalism and Health Policy in India: An Analysis (AGRASRI Working Paper No.92, February, 2014)
    James Warner Björkman
  93. Empowering Women and Decentralised Governance: A Study with Special Reference to Andaman and Nicobar Islands (AGRASRI Working Paper No.93, March, 2014)
    S.S. Sreekumar
  94. Gram Sabha - Case Studies from Tamil Nadu and West Bengal States (AGRASRI Working Paper No.94, June, 2014)
  95. Democracy and Decentralisation: A Tool and a Strategy to tackle the issues of Exclusion (AGRASRI Working Paper No.95, September, 2014)
    G. Palanithurai
  96. Empowerment of Scheduled Castes Women Members through Gram Panchayats in Karnataka: Issues and Challenges (AGRASRI Working Paper No.96, November, 2014)
    Narayana Billava
  97. Power to the People: The Gandhian Version (AGRASRI Working Paper No.97, December, 2014).
    Mani Shankar Aiyar
  98. Economics of Good Governance and Local Resource Mobilisation (AGRASRI Working Paper No.98, January, 2015).
    Swapan Ghosh and Tapan Kumar Ghosh
  99. Is There a Case to Extend Social Pension Schemes to all Unorganised Workers? Evidence from Karnataka (AGRASRI Working Paper No.99, February, 2015).
    D. Rajasekhar, G Sreedhar, R Manjula, R R Biradar and N L Narasimha Reddy
  100. Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in the Rural Development Programmes in Haryana: A Comparative Study of Karnal and Mewat Districts (AGRASRI Working Paper No.100, March, 2015).
    Vimlesh Rathore
  101. Science and Sustainable Food and Nutrition Security: Agenda for Zero Hunger (AGRASRI Working Paper No.101, April, 2015).
    M. S. Swaminathan
  102. Achieving Excellence in Higher Education: The Role of Universities (AGRASRI Working Paper No.102, April, 2015).
    K. Viyanna Rao
  103. Democratic Governance: Stability and Variability in Public Administration Policies, Institutions and Organisations (AGRASRI Working Paper No.103, April, 2015).
    P. C. Mathur
  104. Sustainable Model for Technology Enabled Development in Rural Areas (Sarvangeen Grameen Vikas) (AGRASRI Working Paper No.104, May, 2015).
    Anil Kakodkar
  105. Panchayats, Women and Violence in India: Some Reflections (AGRASRI Working Paper No.105, June, 2015).
    Bidyut Mohanty
  106. Sanitation in Rural India- Road Map for Swachh Bharat (AGRASRI Working Paper No.106, july, 2015).
    Bindeshwar Pathak
  107. Water and Sanitation: The Role of Decentralised Institutions in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana States (AGRASRI Working Paper No.107, August, 2015).
    M.Gopinath Reddy and K.S. Babu
  108. Initiatives for a Sustainable Solid Waste Management System: Reality Check with Mudichur Village Panchayat, Tamil Nadu (AGRASRI Working Paper No.108, August, 2015).
    K. Gireesan
  109. Provision of Basic Sanitation in Rural Karnataka: Achievements and Challenges (AGRASRI Working Paper No.109, October, 2015).
    Narayana Billava and Arunkumar R. Kulkarni
  110. Role of Panchayats in Rural Sanitation in Karnataka State: Special Monitoring Report on Outcomes and Performance (AGRASRI Working Paper No.110, October, 2015).
    Jos Chathukulam
  111. Rural Local Government Finances: An Analysis at the all India Level (AGRASRI Working Paper No.111, January, 2016).
    Basavarajeshwari K
  112. Micro-finance and Up-liftment in the Living Standards of the Rural Schedule Caste Women in Andhra Pradesh (AGRASRI Working Paper No.112, March, 2016).
    Rajani Manikonda
  113. Financial Inclusion through SHG’s: Kudumbashree- A Kerala Model (AGRASRI Working Paper No.113, May, 2016).
    M.K. Ravindranathan
  114. Financial Incusion in India: Parameters for Inclusive Economic Growth (AGRASRI Working Paper No.114, August, 2016).
    V.K. Saraswat